Gears are common in mechanical equipment and
are used to transfer load and to change velocities.
First, consider a point
on a circular rotating body. The body rotates by dθ over
time dt. The change in displacement is
dr = r dθ
By dividing by dt, the velocity of the point is
dr/dt = r dθ/dt
This can be written in vector form as
v = ω
× r
The velocity direction is tangent to the circular path of point P.
Since the velocity is always tangential to the radius, two touching objects
will have identical velocities at the point of contact.
Similarly, tangent accelerations are equal, but the normal accelerations
are not.
