Determining whether the expression, w(t) = 17 - 15t +
9t2 - t3, is the work function of an liver implant
The power should be positive for this liver implant assist device to
work because the device is consuming power to generate energy. Recall
that the derivative of the work function with respect to time is power,
and thus the way to check whether the function is the proper work expression
of this device is to figure out the sign of the power, in other words,
the monotonicity of the work function. Overall, the derivative of the
work expression needs to be calculated which will give an expression
for power. That is
The critical point where the maximum and minimum energy may occur can
be calculated by setting dw/dt to 0.
-3(t - 5)(t - 1) = 0
Solving this equation gives
t = 1 or t = 5
It is clear that the signs of the power, dw/dt, depends on two factors,
t - 1 and t - 5. The domain of time is between 0 and +∞, which
is broken down to three intervals by 1 and 5, they are (0, 1), (1, 5),
and (5, +∞). The sign and the monotonicity are shown in the table.
A "+" indicates a positive expression and a "-" means
a negative expression.